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Monday, March 29, 2010

Types of Flowers

Most flower types in nature are very beautiful, but the popularity of flowers mostly depends according to the nature of beholder. Most of the flower types are generally popular primarily due to their unique looks & fragrance, beauty or both; while few enjoy love of people of geographical region. Roses are the most popular flower type in all followed by some other flowers such as Chrysanthemums, Tulips, Lilies, Carnations, Poinsettias, Gerberas, & Narcissus etc.
Some of the flower types may not be very popular as other ones above mentioned, around the globe, but they could be the most popular in their respective geographical areas. Popularity graph of a flower type depends on their unique characteristics peculiar to that region. For all flower lovers and admirers of flowers here are some background information about different flower types:

Aster Flower Type

There are over 600 species of asters, the most popular being the Monte Casino. Ancient societies believed that the odorof its leaves, when burnt, drove away serpents. While this might not be as applicable today, perhaps its connotation is still relevant: Giving asters means, "I am not sure whether you have been faithful to me". Be careful who you send asters to!

Meaning of the Aster Flower : charming, patience












Aster Flower

Celebrate September birthdays with asters, the "herb of Venus." Named for the stars because of the shape of its blossoms, the aster symbolizes elegance and refinement. It is also considered a love charm and was thought to have mystical powers that could ward of evil serpents. It is said they came to be when the Greek goddess Asterea cried from the lack of stars on earth. Where her tears fell, asters grew.

Cuttings from these plants were laid on the graves of French soldiers to symbolize the longing for a revised ending to their battle. This flower's unique beauty continues to perpetuate present-day folklore and have even been used medicinally. These ancient wildflowers are closely related to mums, marigolds, daisies, and even artichokes. They are considered native plants in many parts of the U.S., but the China aster is the most common variety used by florists.

Asters have previously gone by other names, such as "Michaelmas Daisy" and "starwort." Commonly sporting purple or blue blossoms, these flowers are popular in garden borders and floral arrangements. There are both annual and perennial varieties. Often seen around a cornucopia announcing a plentiful harvest, these are fall-blooming plants of half a foot to three feet in height. Like most stars, asters enjoy the spotlight, so grow them in a sunny location in just about any hardiness zone. Soil should be kept moist, especially in warmer weather.


Carnations Flower Type

Carnations are flowering plants native to the Near East and have been cultivated for last 2,000 years. Its original color was pink but later grew to include red, yellow white, purple and green. Carnations, the national flowers of Spain, date back to ancient Greek and Roman times and were used in art and d├ęcor. Is scientific name "dianthus" translates to "flower of love" or "flower of the gods". Some people believe "carnation" comes from "coronation" used in Greek ceremonial crowns. Carnations are the birth flowers for those born in January. Their ruffled appearance, clove-like scent, and extended blooming period captivate people, and in some countries, carnations are more popular than roses.






CARNATION FLOWER ARRANGEMENTS

Carnation flower arrangements are a popular flower gift for almost any occasion. The versatile carnations, comes in a variety of colors and is basically a hardy flower making it a perfect choice for flower arrangements. Please follow the carnation flower arrangement care instructions to maximize the vase life of your flowers. Flower Arrangements need extra hydration as when the carnations flowers are in foam, they get less water than in a vase. So it is IMPERITIVE that you keep the foam moist at all times.

* Carnations – The National Flower of Spain and the birth flower of those born in January, Carnations are among the most popular flowers world wide. The pink carnation is hailed as the symbol of mother's love and the emblem of Mother's Day. Carnations are hardy flowers that can last between 7-14 days if properly cared for.

* Estimated Vase Life – 7 – 14 days

* Meaning - (pink) symbol of mother's love, (yellow) disdain, (purple) antipathy, (white) ipure and ardent love, (red) "Alas my poor heart."

* Care Tip – When re-cutting the stems, cut just above one of the nodes that run up the flower's stalk. This will allow the stem to draw water more easily.

* Arranging Tip – Carnations can be manipulated to take on an elegant look by massing them together in a tight bunch, or adding them to simple greenery.

* IMPORTANT TIP – Carnations are very sensitive to ethylene gas, a naturally produced gas, released by fruits, vegetables and decaying floral material. Keep carnations away from ethylene producing substances.

Carnation Flower – January Birth Flower

Just as there is a birth stone associated with each month so is true of birth flowers. Carnations are the birth flower for the month of January. Carnation originated in the Near East at least 200 years ago, and was originally only found in a light pink color. There has been debate as to the origin of the word carnation, some saying it came from the Latin word "carnis" which means flesh and referring to the original color of the flower while others believe that it comes from the word "incarnation" referring to the incarnation of God made flesh. Still others believe that "carnation" was derived from the word "coronation" and that it was used in early Greek ceremonial crowns. Carnations symbolize different meanings depending on the color of the carnations. Red carnations signify admiration or a deep sense of love. White carnations symbolize both pure love and luck, while Striped Carnations symbolize regret. Purple Carnations are said to indicate capriciousness while the ever popular Pink Carnations are said to be a symbol of a mother's undying love, going back to biblical times when Carnations sprang up out of the ground where the Virgin Mary's tears fell as Jesus was carrying the cross.


• Calla Lily Flower Type

The Calla Lily which is originally from the continent of Africa, is rich with history, and has been treasured as a flower of celebration since the ancient roman times. The Calla Lily is unparalleled in its sophistication, simple beauty and innate grace. The Calla Lily, first cherished as a celebration of light, then a funeral flower, in today's world the Calla Lily has become one of the most desired flowers brides use to celebrate their wedding day. Calla lilies make an elegant addition to any home, and are symbolic of purity and beauty. As a cut flower, Calla Lilies last a long time making the Calla Lily's bloom is a show-stopper with its wide range of colors make it a special flower to enjoy. The Calla Lily is a thing of timeless beauty that excels in celebration of weddings, sympathy or just to celebrate the joy of living.








Buying a Calla Lilies Bouquet (Tips for choosing and caring for Calla lilies)

Calla lilies are exquisite flowers with long trumpet-shaped blossoms and thick fibrous stems. Fresh Calla lilies are mostly open but with the outer petal still reaching upward. The middle of the flower is clean with no signs of pollination. The calla lilies show good color with no bruising. Older Calla lilies have the outer petal curving downward with the middle of the flower exposed, with the middle showing signs of pollen. The calla lilies may also have bruising or discoloration, especially on the outer edges of the petal. Calla lilies have thick, fibrous stems that act much like a sponge. The stems absorb and hold water. This is why calla lilies have such a long vase life and are such a low maintenance flower. Be sure to cut the calla lilies stems every few days to allow fresh water to penetrate the blossom. Calla lilies stems sometimes turn to mush because the stems hold water and the ends become clogged. Calla lilies need a constant water flow to remain fresh.

• Daisy Flower Type

A Daisy flower has an "eye" just as its English name of day's eye suggests and primitive medical men thought it cured eye troubles. Daisies symbolize innocence and friendship. A Daisy, composed of white petals and yellow centers, can also be a pink or rose color and looks like a single flower, but has two types of flowers, disk florets in the center, and ray florets at the periphery. Gerberas, the most popular daisy variety, have large flowering heads and come in a vibrant rainbow of colors. Daisies are sweet way to show you care.

Gerberas – Discovered in 1884 near Barberton, South Africa, by Scotsman Robert Jameson, the Gerbera is the 5th most popular flower, and the most popular daisy variety. Simple yet sophisticated, the vibrant colored Gerberas are the birth flowers for the star sign Leo (July). A beautiful compliment in any flower bouquet, we ship each individual floret with a protective net and a clear tube to support the stem, to ensure that the flowers arrive and flourish to their maximum beauty and expected vase life.










Gerbera Daisy Bouquet Estimated Vase Life – 4 – 7 days

Meaning – (orange) You are the sunshine of my life, (red) Unconscious in love, (white) Innocence; Truth (yellow) I'll try harder to win your love

Gerbera Daisy Care Tip – Gently remove the protective cup from each blossom; the petals will gradually unfold to their full state. Fill your vessel with approximately 5 to 6 inches of water depending on its height. The fuzzy stems of these flowers decompose quickly in deep water. Gerbera stems are highly susceptible to bacteria blockage which may cause their heads to droop over. Therefore it is very important to use clean water and replenish their supply of flower food every 1-2 days. Bending is a natural attribute of this flower.

Gerbera Daisy Bouquet Arranging Tip – Gerberas may be prone to bent neck, which can be avoided by inserting floral wire in the stem to lend additional support to the large floret.

IMPORTANT TIP for Gerbera Daisies- To make sure gerbera stems remain straight, support the flower heads when conditioning in water. This can be done by placing a piece of chicken wire over a deep bucket, so that the heads are supported and the stems hang free into the water. Let the flowers hydrate this way for several hours
Daisy History and Symbolism

According to an old Celtic legend, the spirits of children who died in childbirth scattered daisies on the earth to cheer their sorrowing parents. Beautiful gold hairpins, each ending in a daisy-like ornament were found when the Minoan palace on the Island of Crete was excavated. They are believed to be more than 4000 years old. Egyptian ceramics are also decorated with daisies. This flower’s English name was day's eye, referring to the way this flower opens and closes with the sun. And primitive medical men drew the obvious conclusion that it was plainly intended to cure eye troubles. Assyrians crushed daisies and mixed them with oil to turn gray hair dark again.

Marguerite, the French word for daisy, is derived from a Greek word meaning "pearl". Francis I called his sister Marguerite of Marguerites and the lady used the daisy as her device, so did Margaret of Anjou the wife of Henry IV and Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII. There is an old English saying that spring has not come until you can set your foot on twelve daises. King Henry VIII ate dishes of daisies to relieve himself from his stomach-ulcer pain. And a common remedy for insanity was to drink crushed daisies steeped in wine, in small doses for 15 days.

• Iris Flower Type

Iris, which in Greek means rainbow gets its name from the Greek Goddess Iris, the goddess of the rainbow, who was a messenger on Mount Olympus. The Goddess Iris would carry messages from the "eye of heaven" to the earth by the arc of the rainbow. So the Iris also symbolizes the "eye of heaven." Which means that every time we carry an iris flower we carry a piece of heaven with us. The iris is the symbol of Idea and Message. The three leaves of the Iris flower are said to represent faith, wisdom, and valor. The Iris flower has three petals often called the "standards" and three outer petal-like sepals called the "falls". The Iris has been a symbol of royalty and divine protection for centuries throughout the world.










Iris – Iris, or “rainbow” in Greek gets its name from the Greek Goddess Iris, the goddess of the rainbow. Hailed as the symbol of royalty and divine protection for centuries throughout the world, the three leaves of the Iris are said to represent faith, wisdom, and valor. We ship these sensitive flowers in tight bud form, which will open to full bloom in 1-2 days.

Iris Bouquet Expected Vase Life – 3 - 7 days.

Iris Meaning - "I have a message for you".

Iris Bouquet Care Tip – Be careful to NOT bump the tips of the irises.

Iris Bouquet Arranging Tip – Allow for space in arranging irises to open fully. Irises can be manually opened by peeling the sheath backwards approximately halfway down the bud, this pops the flower head open.

IMPORTANT TIP for Iris Flower Bouquet - Iris may arrive in your vase arrangement as tight buds. But they will open quickly and mature to open form usually within one or two days. Their vase life is wonderful, although short lived. Keep water levels in the vase full and bacteria free to optimize vase life.

Iris Flower History and Symbolism: The Greek word "Iris" means "rainbow" The iris flower got its name from the Greek goddess Iris, the goddess of the rainbow, who was a messenger on Mount Olympus. Iris would take messages from "the eye of Heaven" to earth by the arc of the rainbow. The word iris also means "eye of heaven" It was the name given to the goddess, this flower, and the center of your eye. The iris flower is the symbol of Idea and Message. Greek men would often plant an iris on the graves of their beloved women as a tribute to the goddess Iris, whose duty was to take the souls of women to the Elysian fields.

The Roman Catholic Church ascribed the lily as the special emblem of the Virgin Mary. Due to its three petals, the fleur-de-lis has also been used to represent the Holy Trinity. The three leaves of the iris flower represent faith, wisdom, and valor. The iris has been a symbol of royalty and divine protection for centuries throughout the world. The Fleur-de-Lis, "a stylized Iris motif" has symbolized France since the 13th century. Traditionally, it has been used to represent French royalty and is said to signify perfection, light, and life. Iris is the National flower of France and has been used for the insignia and emblem of France.

• Lilies Flower Type

Throughout history, lilies have inspired storytellers, poets and artists, pictures of the lily flower can be found on Egyptian tombs, Cretan wall paintings and Assyrian carvings dating back to the 1580 BC. Lilies were also a popular flower in ancient Jewish civilization, and the lily flower is mentioned in both the old and new testament. In Christianity, lilies are the symbol of chastity and virtue. Greek brides wear a crown of lilies to symbolize purity and abundance. In Feng Shui lilies are symbolic of summer and abundance, while the Chinese consider lilies to mean “forever in love.” The intrinsic beauty and symbolic purity of lilies, makes the lily flower a perfect gift for any occasion.

* White Lily - Easter Lily

* Pink Lilies

* Orange Lilies

* Yellow Lilies

* Red Lilies

* Stargazer Lilies

* Oriental Lilies

* Asiatic Lilies

* Calla Lilies

* Peruvian Lilies

• Orchids Flower Type

Orchid flowers have always been admired for their elegant, exotic and refined appearance making them a sophisticated floral gift for any occasion. The intricate beauty of the orchids symbolize a wide variety of meanings. Historically orchids have symbolized wealth, love and beauty, while today orchids are treasured as symbols of rare and delicate beauty. To the early Greeks, the orchid represented virility, and the Chinese called it "the plant of the king's fragrance." During the Middle Ages, orchids were considered an aphrodisiac and were used in love potions.





Orchids Need Special Care

Orchids benefit from extra special care. Contrary to popular belief, orchids have a good vase life, as long as they are kept in water. When u buy orchids, the stems may come in water tube or wrapped in wet cotton wool. This should be removed, and the stems re-cut and placed in fresh water with flower food as soon as possible. Orchids should be kept away from heat, draughts, fans, air conditioning units and anything that may cause moisture loss. Frequent misting of the flowers with water is recommended. If they look limp, place them in water – flower head and all – for up to one hour. Orchids should also be kept away from fruit, vegetables and decaying flowers, as orchids are especially susceptible to ethylene gas.
Orchid Flower History, Symbolism and Origin

The orchid's name originates from the Greek orchis, meaning "testicle," and its history is one of lust, greed, and wealth. Some orchids are called "ladies' fingers," "ladies' tresses," or "long purples." Orchids were collected extensively during the 1800s; once, four thousand trees were cut down for the orchids growing on their branches.

There are nearly 25,000 varieties of orchids. Greek women thought they could control the sex of their unborn children with orchid roots. If the father ate large, new tubers, the child would be male; if the mother ate small tubers, the child would be female

The paphiopedilum orchid was named for Phaphos, a temple on Cyprus where the love goddess Aphrodite was worshipped. The most famous orchid, the vanilla orchid, was said to give strength to the Aztecs, who drank vanilla mixed with chocolate.

The orchid is a flower of magnificence that brings a universal message of love, beauty, wisdom, and thoughtfulness. In China it signifies refinement, and the innocence of children. A pink orchid conveys pure affection; the popular cattalya orchid denotes mature charm, and is often used in corsages for Mother's Day.


Roses Flower Type

With their far-reaching popularity, roses are the queens of flowers. After buttercup, the roses are the second oldest variety of flowers on the planet. Biologists can trace roses back some 200 million years! Although there is a huge number of meanings and symbols associated with roses, the most common of course is love, which originated in Greek mythology. When Aphrodite cried about the death of her lover Adonis, she had red "Adonis Roses" grown with his blood, - thus red roses are the symbol of never-ending love. Important to mention are the roses' thorns, of which we all probably have some painful memory. Symbolically, love can be painful and full of suffering when not treated carefully.








* RED ROSES : I love you, unconscious beauty

* WHITE ROSES : Spiritual love, purity

* YELLOW ROSES : Joy, gladness

* ORANGE ROSES : Fascinated, enthusiastic

* PINK ROSES : Grace, gentility

* TEA ROSE : I'll Remember Always

* THORNLESS ROSE : Love at First Sight

* WHITE AND RED ROSES MIXED : Unity, Flower Emblem of England

* ROSEBUDS : Beauty and Youth, A Heart Innocent of Love

* RED ROSEBUDS : Pure and Lovely

* WHITE ROSEBUDS : Girlhood

* ROSE BOUQUET OF MATURE BLOOMS : Gratitude

* ROSE SINGLE FULL BLOOM: I Love You, I Still Love You


• Tulips Flower Type

Tulips are one of the most popular spring flowers of all time, and the third most popular flower world-wide next only to the Rose and Chrysanthemum. It is believed that the Middle East was responsible for the emergence of tulips over 1 thousand years ago. Tulips were the symbol for the Turkish Empire. It is said that tulips got their name due to the resemblance to the headgear worn by people in the Middle East, such as the Persians -- the turban, that was also written as "toliban". Changed into Latin, this became "tulipa," hence the name tulips. Tulips symbolize imagination, dreaminess, perfect lover, and a declaration of love.







Red Tulips

Red tulips are a declaration of love, and make a perfect flower gift for a loved one. Red tulips are a great Feng Shui flower to display in ones home. Red Tulips are said to increase the power of the tulip to bring fame into your life.
Pink Tulips

Tulips are very popular to an extent that during the 17th century, most of Europe, particularly Holland, was gripped in a craze for Tulips as a result of which many had to even sell off their fortunes, a time referred to as Tulipomania. With various sentiments and meaning that tulips convey, Pink Tulips are favorite for almost any occasion. The colour pink is symbolic of perfect happiness and confidence. Since tulips are large, showy, and usually solitary, flowers, a “tulip’ has come to mean ‘a showy person’.
Yellow Tulips

Tulips are one of the most popular spring flowers of all time, and the third most popular flower world-wide next only to the Rose and Chrysanthemum. The meaning of Yellow tulips has evolved from once representing hopeless love to now being a common expression for cheerful thoughts and sunshine. With all of the sentiments and meanings of tulips, it's not surprising that the popularity of tulips continues to endure.
Orange Tulips

Tulips are very popular to an extent that during the 17th century, most of Europe, particularly Holland, was gripped in a craze for Tulips as a result of which many had to even sell off their fortunes, a time referred to as Tulipomania. With various sentiments and meaning that tulips convey, Orange Tulips are favorite for almost any occasion. The colour orange is symbolic of warmth, happiness and fascination.
Mixed Tulips

Tulips are one of the most popular spring flowers of all time, and the third most popular flower world-wide next only to the Rose and Chrysanthemum. Holland is most known for these showy and colorful flowers. In the 17th century Tulips were used as currency. Holland loved the tulips, and tulips became a status of wealth and prestige. The tulip bulbs became so popular that “tulipomania” developed early in the 17th century between 1634 and 1637. Tulips symbolize imagination, dreaminess, perfect lover, and a declaration of love.

• Bells of Ireland Flower Type

Moluccella laevis (Bells-of-Ireland, Bells of Ireland, Molucca balmis, Shellflower, Shell flower) is a summer flowering annual, native to Turkey, Syria and the Caucasus. It is cultivated for its spikes of flowers.








The tiny white flowers are surrounded by apple green calyces which are persisent. The rounded leaves are pale green.

Fast growing, Molucella laevis will reach 1 metre and spread to 30 centimeters with an erect, branching habit.Botanicas, Annuals and Perennials, Random House, Sydney, 2005

A member of the mint family, the blooming stems can be cut and used in fresh or dried flower arrangements. The domestic plant is self seeding, prefers full sun and regular water and are unlikely to do well in hot, humid climates.

• Chrysanthemum Flower Type

There are some different meaning of Chrysanthemum flower, but You are a wonderful friend is the most common meaning of Chrysanthemum flower.

Chrysanthemums are one of the most popular flowers in the world, next only to the Rose.

Chrysanthemum was named by Carolus Linnaeus from two Greek prefixes, 'Chrys', which means golden (the color of the original flowers), and 'anthemon', meaning flower.



Chrysanthemum flowers bloom in various forms, and can be daisy-like, decorative, pompons or buttons. Chrysanthemum blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes. Chrysanthemums come in wide range of colors. In addition to the traditional yellow, other popular colors are white, purple, and red. They are very poupular in floral bouquets and flower arrangements. Gift chrysanthemum flower arrangements to your beloved to tell them how much they mean to you.

Each Chrysanthemum flower head is actually a cluster of many flowers, composed of a central group of short disk flowers surrounded by rings of longer ray flowers. Chrysanthemums are classified into nine categories according to the type and arrangement of disk and ray flowers - Incurved, Reflexed, Intermediate, Late Flowering Anemones, Singles, Pompons, Sprays, Spiders/Spoons/Quills, Charms and Cascades. For example, the 'reflexed' Chrysanthemum consists of ray flowers that curve downward into an umbrella shape; the 'quill' has tubular ray flowers that radiate from the center of the head.

About Chrysanthemum:

* Chrysanthemums are tropical flowers. Chrysanthemums were originally grown in the Eurasian region.
* Chrysanthemums belong to the Asteraceae (Compositae) family, which is one of the largest families of flowering plants with over 1,000 genera and about 20,000 species.
* The Chrysanthemum was brought to Japan by Buddhist monks in AD 400. Japanese emperors so loved the Chrysanthemum flower that they sat upon Chrysanthemum thrones. Chrysanthemums, kikus in Japanese, were featured on the Imperial Crest of Japan.
* Even today, a number of Japanese cities hold spectacular annual chrysanthemum exhibitions.

Chrysanthemums are very much suitable for container gardening in patios. These chrysanthemum plants bear flowers in wide variety of colors.Gift a potted chrysanthemum plant to your beloved and let your relationship bloom like a chrysanthemum.

Chrysanthemum flavored tea is very popular and is used as a relaxant.Order Chrysanthemum flavored tea online and get rejuvenated.


• Daffodils Flower Type


DAFFODIL, a member of the Amaryllidaceae family, is a common flowering plant. Narcissus is the name of the genus that includes daffodils, narcissuses, and jonquils. Narcissus and daffodil are both correct common names for all species. Jonquils are daffodils with small, fragrant yellow flowers, several growing on a stem. All daffodils grow from bulbs. Most species have long, narrow leaves, either rushlike or flat. In early spring, yellow or white blossoms, with trumpets in the centers, appear. The color of the trumpet ranges from white, yellow, and orange to pink and brilliant red. Time of blossoming depends on the species, climate, soil, and depth of planting, but most species bloom in April or May.



The daffodil is native to Europe where in some regions it grows wild. It grows well in cultivated gardens, and can also be naturalized (grown like a wild flower) under trees. Several of the daffodils, especially the paper white narcissus, can be potted for indoor bloom. There are now more than 10,000 name varieties, and breeders continue to develop new ones. There are many kinds of daffodils. The best-known daffodil is also called the trumpet narcissus It has one blossom at the end of each stalk. The daffodil has a large flower and five or six bluish-green leaves about 15 inches (38 centimeters) long. Daffodil bulbs should be planted in autumn. They should be planted about 8 inches (20 centimeters) deep, and about 5 inches (13 centimeters) apart. Daffodil bulbs are poisonous if eaten.
Bulbs should be planted in late summer or early autumn, from two to six inches deep, about 2,5 times the diameter of the bulb. They need little fertilizing, but bone meal is sometimes added to the soil. After the blossoms die, the leaves should be left on the plant until dried. Bulbs should be divided and transplanted when clumps become crowded because crowding reduces bloom.


• Dahlia Flower Type

DAHLIA, a member of the Compositae family is a flowering plant. It is native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Dahlias were cultivated by the Aztecs, taken to Europe by the Spaniards, and soon spread throughout the world in widely different climates. There are 18 species and thousands of hybrid varieties.
Dahlias are many-branched plants grown from underground rubers. The stalks range in height from 10 inches (dwarf varieties) to 20 or 30 feet, but the usual height is from 1 to 8 feet. Flowers may be single or double. The petals are straight, rolled upward, and ruffled or flaring. Blossoms may be from 1 to 15 inches across. Colors range from white to nearly black and in all hues except blue. The petals often are flecked with another color. Blossoming time depends on climate, soil, and variety; it is usually from August until frost.



A sunny location and light soil are best for dahlias, but they can be grown in partial shade and in almost any soil that is not waterlogged. The tubers should be planted when the soil is warm, two or three feet apart (closer for dwarfs), and four inches deep. The plants need to be well watered, especially while blooming. It is helpful to fertilize before planting and again at the beginning of August. Stakes should be placed firmly in the ground before planting so that the stalks can be tied to the stakes when they are about two feet tall. After the tops are frozen in late fall, the tubers may be dug, cleaned, dried for a few days, and stored until spring. Dahlias may be grown from seeds, and dwarf dahlias can be grown indoors in winter.
Dahlias grow from tuberous, or thick, fleshy roots that look somewhat like bulbs. They should be planted in rich, well-drained soil, and in full sun after all danger of frost has passed. After the first frost, the roots should be dug up and stored for the winter in a cool, dry place. Storing the root clump with soil attached will stop shriveling. At planting time, the roots should be separated and planted about 6 inches (15 centimeters) deep. Dahlias flower in the late summer.


• Gladioli Flower Type

GLADIOLUS is any of several species of showy flowering herbs of the iris family (Iridaceae). It has broad flat leaves that resemble the blades of swords. The long, straight stalk and lily-like blossoms make the gladiolus one of the most handsome flowers grown for garden and house decoration. Native to South Africa, Asia, and Europe, the species of wild gladiolus have been hybridized and selected by plant breedersin Europe and the United States so that hundreds of different varieties are now known. Most of these cultivated gladiolus reach heights of from three to four feet. Their blossoms grow usually in a double row on one side of the stalk. They appear in white and shades of yellow, lavender, smoky gray, maroon, red purple, and in a range of red, rose, and pink hues.



Gladiolus are generally raised from bulbs, which should be planted about three to five inches apart and five inches deep in rows at least one foot apart, or in garden beds, as tulips are planted. Well-fertilized, sandy loam is most suitable. By making successive plantings of bulbs at intervals of two or three weeks, from late March to mid-June, one may have flowers continuously from July to frost.
New "bulbs" (really corms) are produced each year above the original bulbs, and small bulblets" (cormels) grow around them. The bulbs should be gathered in the fall after the first hard frost and stored in a cool room to be replanted the following spring. The bulblets may be replanted close together in shallow rows, like peas. In from one to three years, they will develop to flowering size. Most new varieties are raised from seeds. Seedlings bloom two to three years after the seeds are sown.


• Lilacs Flower Type

LILAC. A beautiful and fragrant shrub, the lilac is one of the most popular of garden plants. Its pyramidal clusters of blossoms are white, lavender, blue, violet, pink, or purple. There are both single and double varieties—all with glossy green leaves.
Lilacs are native to eastern Europe and Asia. The colonists brought them to America. They are often planted in groups to form masses of shrubbery or hedges. Some famous lilac gardens which display several hundred varieties are the Lemoine gardens at Nancy, France; the Arnold Arboretum at Jamaica Plains, Mass, the gardens in Highland Park, Rochester, N. Y.; and Lilacia Park in Lombard, Ill.
lilacs grow best in full sunlight, nonacid soil, and where there is good drainage. They need a winter freeze to provide a dormant, or rest, period. Single shrubs, given plenty of room, grow full and tall, reaching a height of 10 to 25 feet. For maximum bloom, however, they should be kept to a moderate height. Pruning back young growth to keep the interior open also helps flowering.



Lilacs belong to the olive family, Oleaceae. The name of the genus, Syringa ("little pipe"), was given it because lilac stems were once hollowed out and used as pipe stems. Syringa is also the common name for an unrelated shrub, the mock orange. The scientific name of the common lilac with purple flowers is Syringa vulgaris; of the Persian lilac, a smaller shrub with white flowers, Syringa persica.
LILAC (li'lac) is probably the best-known deciduous shrub in cultivation. The common lilac, with clusters of fragrant light purple (or white) flowers, has been grown in European gardens for hundreds of years. It was grown in England by 1597, and in North America by 1750.
Members of the ash family, most lilacs have many stems that branch just above the ground. The shrubs have stout green buds with scales. The smooth leaves are heart-shaped, and about three inches long.
There are more than 20 cultivated species of lilacs, many hybrids, and hundreds of varieties. Lilac shrubs grow from six to twenty feet tall. Their tiny four-lobed single or double flowers grow in dense clusters and usually are fragrant. They may be white, pink, lavender, dark purple, or deep red. The fruits are clusters of dry, woody pods.
Lilacs grow best in open sunny places, in fertile well-drained soil. They are hardy and long-lived, often growing without care for years. New plants can be started from seeds, suckers (shoots from the roots), cuttings, or layers (branches bent down into the soil). Fall is the best time to plant or move the shrubs.
Lilacs are grown in most parts of the United States and in many other countries. Most northern hemisphere lilacs blossom in May and early June.


• Snapdragons Flower Type

SNAPDRAGON, a favorite flower in gardens of Europe and North America. Millions are also grown in greenhouses for cut flowers. Most cultivated snapdragons belong to the species Antirrhinum majus, a native of the Mediterranean region. Antirrhinum means noselike and refers to the shape of the flower; majus means larger. More than 30 species have been found in Europe and North America. They belong to the Figwort family.



The showy, two lipped flowers are about 1,5 inches long. They blossom first at the bottom and then on up to the top of a tall stem. They range in color from white through various shades of pink, red, yellow, orange, and lavender. Some, called tetra (or tetraploid) snapdragons, are ruffled and quite large.
According to size, there are three varieties of snapdragons. The dwarf grows up to 9 inches tall, intermediate up to 20 inches, and tall up to 4 feet. The varieties grown in greenhouses usually belong to the tall group.
Snapdragons are easy to grow. In warm climates they are perennials, living year after year. In cooler sections garden snapdragons generally live only one year, blooming from July to frost. Where growing seasons are short, seeds are usually planted indoors six to eight weeks before being replanted outside.


See more on flower types:
http://www.flowers-cs.com/type_of_flowers.html
http://www.onlyflowers.org/tulip-flower-type.html

2 comments:

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  2. wow, this is a great resource. I love finding new resources for flowers! I'm adding this to my top top list along with flower-dictionary!

    ReplyDelete

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